During the Civil War, the plantation house and property were taken by Union General Philip Sheridan and his army.
This plantation house was built in the 18th century and the first owner was Dr. William Rickman. The house is a wood frame Georgian style with floor to ceiling paneling that is unique for a house of its size. The land has 6,000 years or more of Native American prehistory and is located on an early 17th-century Crown land grant. Dr. William Rickman went on to oversee the Virginia hospitals during the American Revolution as the first Surgeon General. He was married to Elizabeth Harrison, the daughter of Benjamin Harrison around 1776. Elizabeth's father was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence and the owner of Berkeley Plantation. Elizabeth had a younger brother named William Henry Harrison who was the 9th President of the United States. The Kittiewan Plantation is the headquarters of the Archeological Society of Virginia and it is also a history museum. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on December 28, 1979, and the Virginia Landmarks Register on September 20, 1977. Open for tours April - December, the 2nd Saturday of each month from 10 am - 4 pm. It is $7 per person. There is a nice gift shop situated here, as well.